Gender Dysphori Social And Biological Factors Essay
1632 Words Apr 23rd, 2016 null Page
Gender Dysphoria (GD) is the feeling that one’s emotional and psychological identity as male or female is the opposite of one’s natal sex. Gender dysphoria is manifested in a variety of ways, which may include strong desires to be treated as the opposite gender or to be rid of one’s sex characteristics. Little research exists on the causes of GD because gender identity is difficult to investigate, and gender variant identities are less prevalent than normative gender identities (Cohen-Kettenis, & Klink, 2015 p. 486). Psychological, social and biological factors all influence gender development. Within the context of this paper I will examine these three factors and the impact that they have on adolescents’ with GD, discuss how these factors can inhibit or promote resiliency and lastly, I will assess the current treatments available for individuals diagnosed with GD.
Bio-Psycho- Social Influences As mentioned above limited research has been conducted on the causes of GD, however, the most recent research suggests that there may be some biological factors that occur during pregnancy that contribute to GD. Around the fifth week of pregnancy, the brain begins to develop and is “influenced by sex hormones such as testosterone, estrogens and progesterone” (Garcia -Falgueras & Swabb, 2009, p.17) while sex organs began to develop around the seventh week of pregnancy. The different developmental stages of sexual differentiation of the genitals and sexual…