Essay on From the Great Wall to the Pyramids

1167 Words Dec 11th, 2010 5 Pages
From the Great Wall to the Pyramids
The Great Wall of China and the Egyptian Pyramids are both Manmade Wonders of the World and belong to two of the oldest civilizations. Ancient Egypt and ancient China both have history that date back over 4,000 years ago, and though the two civilizations co-existed simultaneously with one another, there were little contact between the two. Yet apart from some underlying differences, there are many similarities between the two cultures as is highlighted when examining the Analects and The Book of the Dead. On the surface, the social behavior and values emphasized in the Analects and The Book of the Dead resemble one another; however, upon closer examination it becomes apparent that the origin and purpose
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They believed that this “gift” from the Nile was from the gods when the people found favor with them. To maintain the positive relationship with the Gods, and to insure a favorable afterlife, The Book of the Dead was created as a guide for the dead to pass over to the next life. A contrast can be drawn in what stemmed the creation for each of these texts. The Analects was created to bring about change in the Chinese Civilization while the Book of the Dead was designed to further the positive relationship Egyptian people had with the Gods.
. Though the two texts have varying origins, similar values are emphasized throughout the two historical texts and the civilization as a whole. The Egyptian word “maat” is an important term in the Egyptian society and is seen throughout the Book of the Dead. It signifies not just truth, but also balance, justice, and order. The people are required “live on maat, and feed on maat” (p.3), which further reveals that the people’s life revolve around order and truth. In a similar fashion, Confucius also emphasizes the revolving order of truth, education, and justice. In the Analects, Confucius instructs man to “recompense injury with justice, and recompense kindness with kindness”, an obvious dedication to not only justice and equality, but also sympathy. Further, Confucius reinforces that “the object of the superior man is truth, not food.” Similarly, the same parallel

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