Freud 's Psychosexual Stages And Erikson 's Eight Stages Of Psychosocial Development

1039 Words Sep 30th, 2014 5 Pages
When you think of developmental psychology what major names come to the forefront of your mind? Sigmund Freud? Erik Erikson? Jean Piaget? Maybe even Lev Vygotsky. Development is a very prominent aspect in psychology, made up of a multitude of theories. Freud’s psychosexual stages and Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development are two theories that are leading the way. These two gentlemen’s theories could not be more different, not only from a sexual aspect, but also from an overall developmental point of view. Although both arguments have their individual merits, Freud’s theories continue to hold true in my mind, despite the many criticisms of his works.
Sigmund Freud, the pioneer of psychoanalysis and a firm believer in the unconscious, has always been, and always will be, one of the most influential minds to ever study psychology. And despite the criticisms his theories face, his ideas have been molded into our culture with terms like the ever so common “Freudian slip,” the “ego,” and “repression.” Freud has touched on many psychological issues, anything from depression to religion, but some of his most famous and well known theories are connected to development. These psychosexual theories have been revered and criticized by many with their sexually driven stages.
His developmental stages are as follows; oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. Each stage represents a child’s focus on its pleasure center at that time of life. The oral stage describes the…

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