Fragrances In Ancient Egypt

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The Egyptian outlook on perfumes could be derived from their lifestyle learned from the records, the objects found in connection to death and afterlife and mummified remains. The ancient Egyptians were concerned with the odours of everyday life and death. Dated to 1550 BCE, the Ebers papyrus gives us a wealth of knowledge on Egyptian medical preparations for ailments, perfumed anointing oils, and incense plants. As we move back through time, as early as the third millennium BCE, it becomes difficult to differentiate between the use of oils, scented oils, perfumes, and fragrances for spiritual or pharmacological purposes.
The term used for smell is always associated with the word used to refer to perfumes, which means “fragrance of the gods”. This is a clear representation that perfumes and fragrances were used mostly for religious purposes in the beginning.
Scented oils, along with resins and ointment preparations, were widely used in the funerary process, preparing the body for afterlife and mummification. Often, after organs were removed, the empty cavities of the body
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A small portion of the sample is usually taken and qualitatively analyzed using energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence with a microprobe. This analysis reveals some key information, such as the origin of samples. For example, the analysis of filling material from the sarcophagus of Queen Hatshepsut and King Thutmose I revealed a red paint-like material. Analysis showed that the sample was mostly organic in nature and no inorganic materials (except for small amounts of calcium carbonate). Combination of this technique with FT-IT revealed the presence of kaolinite and quartz as components possibly crushed with mastic resin, animal fat, and sugary materials to prepare the red material. A detailed look at the way the material was attached revealed the possible use of plant gum during altercation of the

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