Essay on Financial Terms and Roles

1358 Words Mar 21st, 2014 6 Pages
Financial Terms and Roles
Stephani Calabrese
February 10, 2014
Matthew Tanzer

Financial Terms and Roles
Create a list of definitions for the following terms and identify their roles in finance.
Finance: Finance or financing is the study of how people/businesses evaluate investments, raising money for the investments. Finance is a broad word with many facets. When reading the chapters I recognize finance as a learned talent. Knowing when to invest, strive ahead, or taking a chance. Business finance can be divided into three divisions; capital budget, capital structures, and working capital management. It is the management of money and the management information and how information is interpreted, both personally and
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A vitally important concept in finance is the idea that an investment that carries a higher risk has the potential of a higher return. For example, a zero-risk investment, such as a U.S. Treasury security, has a low rate of return, while a stock in a start-up has the potential to make an investor very wealthy, but also the potential to lose one's entire investment. Certain types of risk are easier to quantify than others. To the extent that risk is quantifiable, it is generally calculated as the standard deviation on an investment's average return. Security: A document; historically, a physical certificate but increasingly electronic, showing that one owns a portion of a publicly-traded company or is owed a portion of a debt issue. Securities are tradable. At their most basic, securities refer to stocks and bonds, but the term sometimes also refers to derivatives such as futures and options.

· Stock: A portion of ownership in a corporation. The holder of a stock is entitled to the company's earnings and is responsible for its risk for the portion of the company that each stock represents. There are two main classes of stock: common stock and preferred stock. Common stock holders have the right to vote on major company decisions, such as whether or not to merge with another corporation, and receive dividends determined by management. Preferred

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