Families Face Additional Stress When Women Develop Gestational Diabetes Mellitus ( Gdm )

1248 Words Jun 9th, 2016 null Page
Families face additional stress when women develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during a time that can already be stressful enough. GDM is defined as a condition where women who were not previously diabetic start to show high blood glucose intolerance, usually occurring in the third trimester of pregnancy. This occurs in about 9.2% of pregnancies In the United States of America . Early diagnoses of GDM decreases the risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality (Bone, 2015). Early patient teaching and interventions for GDM may reduce and even prevent GDM. Early interventions and screening of gestational diabetes may prevent complications later in pregnancy for the mother and the fetus. It is important to teach the patient about lifestyle changes and nutritional or diet management that will help her become aware of the things she can do to reduce her chances of developing GDM. Through lifestyle interventions and patient teaching the RN may help reduce or eliminate GDM and possibly prevent development of type II diabetes later on. Research shows that 50-60% of women with GDM develop diabetes later on (Bone, 2015). It’s important to talk to the patient about nutrition and lifestyle changes they can make before they become pregnant.
Early assessment and detection is key to preventing further complications to mother and child. Screening can start as early as the first prenatal assessment. Women who have a family history of diabetes should be screened at the first visit and…

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