Explain Why Manchuria Was the Main Battleground of the Chinese Civil War in the Years 1946–1948.

957 Words Apr 14th, 2014 4 Pages
Explain why Manchuria was the main battleground of the Chinese civil war in the years 1946–1948.

The long-term factor that made Manchuria the main battleground in the beginning of the Civil War was its economic importance. Not only was Manchuria the industrial centre of China at the time, it was a strategic trade zone because of its infrastructure. Manchuria had some of the key railway lines connecting the region with a number of areas in China. Its economic importance was highlighted by the Japanese invasion in 1931, when they had chosen the region seeking for natural resources such as coal. Thus the region had proven to be economically beneficial for both sides, which one of the main reasons it was chosen to be the main battleground
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Secondly, after the Japanese surrender, the USSR troops handed over the seized weaponry to the PLA, which enhanced Communists’ strength. However, it were not only the Communists who benefitted from Manchuria’s position, the GMD forces were also able to get support from the USA in a form of 100,000 troops being airlifted to Manchuria. This was supposedly done to assist the GMD at accepting the Japanese surrender.

In conclusion, Manchuria was the main battleground at the early stage of the Civil war due to its strategic economic and geopolitical position, which allowed the foreign allies of the both sides to send aid to both the CPC and the GMD.

Explain why the Communists were in a weak position at the start of the Civil war in 1946.

Foreign influence had negatively affected the Communist position in the beginning of the Civil war. Although the USSR offered their help, in particular after the Japanese surrender in August 1945, their aid cannot be considered genuine and therefore it could be argued whether it benefitted the CPC or weakened their position. The reason for that was Stalin being cautious of the conflict with the USA, who simultaneously seemed to support the Nationalist forces by sending 100,000 of troops. Consequently, Stalin ordered the Communists to give up Manchuria in 1945-1946, which arguably weakened their position. The USA, on the other hand, were strengthening the GMD’s position, although they were not in favour of the

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