Exam 1 Study Guide Essay

4357 Words Dec 10th, 2014 18 Pages
PSYC 2010 Exam 1 Study Guide
Chapter 1 The Science of Psychology * Be familiar with the definition of psychology as discussed in class and in the textbook. * The study of mind, brain, and behavior * Mind – mental activity that facilitate perception, memory, thinking, & feeling * Brain – the physical structure that coordinates the nervous system. “The mind is what the brain does.” * Behavior – anything that an organism does. Usually associated with actions observable to others. * Dead man test. Generally, if a dead man can do it, it isn’t a behavior. * Goals of psychology: Description, Understanding, Prediction, Control * Known the distinction between critical thinking,
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* Nurture is supported by John Watson * Nurture is much more important in determining behavior. The difference between nature and nurture is that nature is the idea that behavior is effected by your chemical and gene make up while nurture is the idea that you are a blank slate and your behavior is distinguished by experiments. They both effect behavior is what was discovered. * Dualism is supported by cognitive psychologists such as George A. Miller and Sigmund Freud * Rene Descartes dealt with Monism vs. Dualism & Interactive Dualism * Monism is the belief that the mind and body are as one and dualism is that the mind and body are two different parts but work together. In dualism our mind tells our body what to do, but there is a separation. Monism is that the body and mind are one unit that produces changes in behavior. Behaviorism is a monism view of psychology. * We discussed several early schools of psychology (voluntarism, structuralism, functionalism, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, gestalt, cognitive). Know which scientist(s) are credited with each of them as well as their theoretical underpinnings. * Voluntarism – William Wundt * Consciousness & Will * Lead to the field of psychology * William Wundt wrote the 1st Psychology Book called Principles of Physiological Psychology * Structuralism – Edward B. Titchener * Complex conscious experiences could be

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