`` Everything That Rises Must Converge ' By Flannery O ' Connor

1467 Words 6 Pages
Karl Marx, a German philosopher, and social critic from the nineteenth century states that society is broken down into three economic classes: the aristocracy, the bourgeoisie, and the proletariat. The aristocracy is the traditional notion and nobility of the upper class. For example, it is a society with kings and queens in which their power is build up through the labor of the working class. The bourgeoisie, on the other hand, are middle-class individuals who control factories, business, and other enterprises. Finally, there is the working class known as the proletariat. They do not own or control institutions or political structure like the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie. Flannery O’ Connor’s short story, “Everything That Rises Must Converge” presents an opinionated fifty-year-old white woman, who expresses her dislike and distrust of blacks (O’ Connor 610). It is a mother-son relationship that shows the conflict between the Old South and the New South. Her son Julian, who is an aspiring writer and sells typewriters, having just graduated from college, believes that everyone is equal. (O’ Connor 612). As a Marxist critic, one must analyze the characters in detail and determine which class they classify under in order to understand how a character 's class affects their ideology, social relationship, cultural hegemony, and how the plot could changed if the character were from a different social class. For instance, ideology is a substantial principle to this story, since…

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