Europeans And Africa Dbq Analysis

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Throughout the time period starting in the 16th century until the late 19th century European contact with Africa stimulated by various motives resulted in a variety of response to the formed relations between the two. An increased amount of trade between Europe and Africa provided an economic motive for Europeans to further their contact with Africa, as shown in Documents 3 and 6. Documents 1 and 4 demonstrate how African Kings and their Kingdoms would undergo cultural changes as a response to this European influence. The desire to expand European power and colonialize Africa emerged as a result of this contact as depicted in Documents 7, 8 and 9. However European presence in Africa was also largely detrimental to native Africans leading to …show more content…
Document 7 provides, an excerpt from the renown poem written by Ruyard Kipling, a British writer whom addresses the issue that became known as the white man 's burden. Basically Europeans believed that it was "scientifically proven" that people of colored skin were genetically inferior to the white race. These dark skinned people were considered savages and uncivilized, hence the line "your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child". Europeans also believed that it was their rightful duty as "civilized" human beings, to help these poor god-forsaken dark skinned savages. The only way to "fill full the mouth of Famine and bid the sickness cease" was to conquer these people. Thus they used the concept of the white man 's burden as a motive to imperialize and furthermore expand their power by acting as the "saviors" of the people of Africa." White Man 's Burden" is the epitome of social darwinist views, this concept became prevalent in 19th century European ideology. A visual representation of the power hungry motive shared amongst European explorers is portrayed in Document 8. This cartoon of British imperialist Cecil Rhodes standing dominantly over the African continent reflects the nationalist views European countries like Great Britain shared with regards to gaining territory. Social darwinism is abundant in this drawing due to the interpretation and grandeur lying within Rhodes ' body language, as he proudly beams at stepping all over Africa. For the purpose of analyzing motives and responses, an additional document from a native living in the region of Rhodes ' reign (S Africa) would provide a perspective in the responses to the imperialist behavior and social darwnist ideology of Europeans that emerged through gradual increased relationships with Africa. Furthermore, Document 9 provides the account of British

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