Essay on Ethics : Ethics And Ethics

997 Words 4 Pages
From the earliest philosophies of recorded history, the ethical discipline has studied five fundamental perspectives, or ethical decision-making approaches: Virtue Ethics, Deontological Ethics (duty based), Consequential Ethics, Dialogical Ethics, and the Ethic of Care. Each has a distinctive framework of raising questions of value, but some approaches have overlapping elements, such as the principle of rationality or human relationship. The following compare and contrast two particular ethical approaches: Duty Ethics and Consequential Ethics. Immanuel Kant was the founding deontological (duty-based) ethical theorist. Deontological means the study of duty, and Kant believed in following the same action in any situation, based on rational thought. Rather than guessing about future consequences, Kant believed in using our facility of reason to determine our ethical duty with certainty. More than the moral conclusion or result of doing our duty, Kant emphasized the reason and ration behind the approach. Duty-based ethics can be especially tested in team environments that are focused on achieving defined goals, such as winning the election or marketing a product, when decisions are made for the sake of the goal. “The ends justify the means” would be the opposite of Kant 's perspective. For Kant, there are values that could never be sacrificed to the greater good. He wrote that one should treat humanity never as just a means but as an inclusive end. Kant represented this…

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