Ethical Dilemmas Of Euthanasia

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Ethical dilemma is a complicated situation that usually comprises an obvious conflict among two inseparable moral principles in which that following a one moral principle could breach the other. Euthanasia is one of the widely known ethical dilemmas over the recent decades. Euthanasia is by means of individual’s competent and voluntary request, physician deliberately ends individual’s life by administering medication with the intention of compassion. On the other hand, Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS) is as per individual’s voluntary and competent request physician is purposely support a person to commit suicide through providing a drug prescription for self-administration of the drug. Though the physician is separated from the act, ethically …show more content…
Autonomy, beneficence and non-maleficence are few of the foremost ethical principles that can conflict in relation to euthanasia. Autonomy describes that patient has the right to make their own decision. Any human being has autonomy to make an informed decision about ending their life in dignity when they are suffering with terminal illness as it doesn’t cause any harm to others. Hence, this has been a main argument for decades among proponents to legalise euthanasia. In fact, a researcher indicates that caring for a patient is best achieved when respecting the patient’s autonomy, though he or she desires euthanasia (REF). Although, opponents explained that it is rarely autonomous as majority of terminally ill patients may not be in a good sound or rational mind to make an informed decision. Long while ago slavery was forbade based on the concept of no one should have the right to own another even with their consent because it is ethically wrong. Likewise, consenting euthanasia is fundamental moral wrong which breach the human dignity (Callahan, 1992). Moreover, euthanasia advocates that caring for a patient is best achieved when respecting the patient’s autonomy, though he or she desires euthanasia, whereas opponents suggest that respect for patients’ autonomy is essential thus not absolute. Also, it is peculiar to understand and irrational how a patient can enjoy his or her autonomy after euthanasia is completed thus it makes autonomy senseless. The right to die or the freedom of choice and autonomy of patients have many repercussions for nursing practice. For instance, authorizing euthanasia would be a high price to pay if it converted the public image of healthcare professionals such as physician and nurses from healers to

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