Ethical, Cultural Beliefs, And Personal Beliefs Essay

1347 Words 6 Pages
Every ethical statement can be categorized based on how the statement relates to the popular beliefs, cultural beliefs, and personal beliefs. This can be better described as ‘metaethics’ which is a second-order philosophical analysis that dives into the nature, meaning, and justification of ethical statements (Gerard). Metethics involves thinking about thinking, and it does so by making questioning statements. Typically it asks: “how do we know that a given normative statement is ‘true’? We have to rely on intuition, or direct insight of apprehension without proof? Does a normative statement describe empirical reality in some way? Or does it merely reflect the psychological and emotional state of an individual? Finally, if we grant that there is such a thing as a moral truth, is its truth merely ‘relative’ to an individual or culture?” (Pacillo). Thus, metaethics can be divided into four distinct stances: objectivism, cultural relativism, subjective relativism, and emotivism. Each stance withholds a particular point of view that varies from the other. With these four stances, we can gain a better understanding of a person’s beliefs based on their ethical statements. First, Objectivism is where it is not believed that moral standards are absolutely fixed for all times and for all places without exception (Pacillo). For example, the belief of it being morally impermissible to intentionally take the life of an innocent person may not whole heartedly work for an objectivist.…

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