Essay On The Pantheon

1923 Words 8 Pages
The pantheon was first built by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa under the commission of emperor Augustus in 27 B.C. The word pantheon derives from the Greek words pan which means for al or very and theos for god. It was later burned down in the great fire in the year of 80 A.D and rebuilt again by emperor Domitian. Later, it was struck by lightning and burned again in the year in 110 A.D. in which was later rebuilt in 120 A.D. by Emperor Hadrian. The word pantheon come from a Greek word meaning “honor of all Gods”, in which the pantheon was first built as a temple to all gods that corresponded to each planet. The original pantheon was actually facing south and not north in its current position. In front of the temple there are in scriptures in which …show more content…
Sensibly, the church preserved it, consecrating it on May 13, 609 when it was given to pope Boniface and yet the Pantheon is still now a place of worship. Later it was turned into a memorial chapel for the kings of Italy in 1870 in which the tombs of Vittorio Emanuele II, Umberto I, and Margherita of savoy and as well the famous renaissance painter Raphael and his fiancée Maria Bibbiena are buried in the pantheon. During the renaissance era, it became very popular to bury both famous architects and artists inside the pantheon. There are seven sculptures that represent the roman gods that correspond to each planet Jupiter, juno, Minerva, vesta, ceres, Diana, Venus, mars, mercurius, neptunus, volcanus, and Apollo. In the year 1500, pope urban VIII made an addition to the pantheon by implying two bell towers in which were designed by Bernini but were removed in the year 1883 after the pantheon gained its nickname of “donkey ears”. The pantheon is now a Christian church and is called St. Mary of the martyrs and was one of the first temples to be converted to a Christian temple and is …show more content…
In front of the pantheon is located “fountain of the pantheon”. This was designed by the architect Giacomo Della Porta in 1575 and was sculpted out of marble by Leonardo sormani. In 1711, pope clement XI asked for the fountain to be changed and had Barignoni design a new layout in which included the obelisk of Ramses II set in the center on a plinth with four dolphins decorating the base. Many artists such as Michelangelo and Brunelleschi have studied the pantheon to get some influence over the work and even described the design of the pantheon as an “angelic and not human design”, and helped influence Brunelleschi complete the dome of the cathedral of Florence and helped Michelangelo with the dome of St. peter. After the pantheon was complete it was used as a model for the domed temple of asklepios Zeus soter in pergamon and has been studied, imitated, and used as a model for other buildings such as temples, churches, tombs, and even capital buildings. The pantheon has also influenced any buildings that are still used today such as the low library at Columbia university, state library of Victoria in Melbourne, Australia, and the British museum reading room. Thomas Jefferson was influenced by the pantheon and used the feature of the dome when he built Monticello. The pantheon has been painted by Giovanni Paolo panini and was named “interior of the pantheon, Rome” in

Related Documents