Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay

1000 Words Oct 3rd, 2016 4 Pages
During the 1950s Erik Erikson (1902-1994) revolutionized the field of psychology with his theory of psychosocial development. Erikson observed that a person passes through eight developmental stages during a lifetime, each involving a specific existential crisis that can potentially be resolved either positively or negatively (Grand Canyon University (GCU) PCN-475 Lecture 1, 2013). These stages build on one another as a person’s scope of interaction broadens, and the success with which he or she passes negotiates the crisis inherent in each stage depends largely on the quality of care and modeling provided by caregivers and teachers (Milevsky, 2014). Hence, a child residing in family system rendered dysfunctional by the presence of substance-use disorder (SUD) will be at a developmental disadvantage and prone to have negative outcomes at each stage. In order to provide the most appropriate treatment to counteract the effects of these handicaps, a counselor should know how a client’s psychosocial development is negatively impacted by the presence of SUD. Here is presented a description of each of Erikson’s eight stages of development and how the introduction of alcohol and drugs can impact a person’s progress through them.

Erikson observed four milestones that occur during the prepubescent years of childhood. Sadly, there are over 400,000 infants born each year having been prenatally exposed to alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs which cause a spectrum physical, emotional,…

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