Equine Encephalomyelitis, Or Equine Encephalitis Essay

1592 Words Feb 1st, 2016 7 Pages
Equine Encephalomyelitis, or Equine Encephalitis, is extremely deadly and rare to all equine species, and almost all cases result in death. Equine Encephalitis is an arbovirus, meaning that it is transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks and other insects (Fraser 599). A few symptoms consist of excitable behavior, walking into secured objects, and becoming drowsy (Fraser 600 and Menu and Pavord; pavord). In order to treat Equine Encephalitis you must vaccinate your horse before he/she becomes ill with the disease (Fraser 600).
Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) most commonly occurs in the Eastern United States and Canada. Western equine encephalitis (WEE) has been isolated from Argentina to Western Canada and in U.S. states west of the Mississippi River. Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) is primarily found in Central and South America, although it has been reported in Mexico and the U.S. (Eastern Equine Encephalitis)
Equine Encephalitis should be prevented to keep your horse happy, and healthy. With a high mortality rate, and no medical cure you should provide the appropriate vaccines as often as needed to ensure that your horse will be less likely to contract this life threatening virus.
Birds are a main host for Encephalitis, with mosquitoes transmitting it from bird to bird (Pavord; Pavord 153). When a bird becomes infected with the virus it will only have mild, or no symptoms (Pavord; Pavord 153). Equine Encephalitis is commonly known as an arbovirus because of how often it…

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