Environmental Factors And Symptoms Of Asthma In The United States

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Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways making breathing difficult for millions of Americans (NIH, 2014). Asthma has no specific cause but many researchers believe it to occur of a combination of genetics and environmental factors. Asthma usually occurs in early childhood but is not limited to only children it can also develop in adulthood. Merced County has about 56,000 children and adults who have been diagnosed with this condition (CDPH, 2016). Asthma affects 1 in 11 children and 1 in 12 adults nationally. That is an estimated 7 million children and 18.7 million adults (CDC, 2015). Notably asthma affects many children and adults both in the Merced County and nationwide.
Symptoms of asthma can be triggered by the smallest particle of dust. According to the National Institution of Health (2014) asthma symptoms include coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Children especially tend to have a harder time with this condition because they find it difficult to keep
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First the doctor will ask a serious of questions about family health history in order to narrow down what could be happening to the patient and eliminate other respiratory infections. The doctor will then perform a series of tests starting with a physical exam which consists of listening to the lungs and breathing patterns. If the patient is suspected of having asthma the doctor will perform a spirometry test. The spirometry test checks on the lungs to make sure they are working properly with measuring how fast the patient can blow air in and out. During the test if the patient is having trouble breathing out the doctor will perform a second test then once again will perform the spirometry test to see if there is a difference. The patient with asthma will have no change from the first time it was

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