Environmental Factors And Causes Of Major Depressive Disorder

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Major Depressive Disorder
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts. It interferes with daily life and normal functioning, and causes pain for both the person with the disorder and those who care about him/her. A depressive disorder is not the same as a passing blue mood. It is not a sign of personal weakness or a condition that can be wished or thrown away. People with depression can’t just decide to get better. Depression is highly treatable, and because there are many different types of depressive disorders, the earlier the treatment begins, the more effective it will be and the greater the chance is of the disorder not coming back (“Depression”).
Depressive disorders include disruptive mood dysregulation disorder,
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For example, a neurotic temperament can be characterized mainly by anxiety, fear, frustration, and loneliness, and can lead to the onset of major depressive disorder. High levels of neuroticism can make individuals more likely to develop depressive episodes. Also, conflicting childhood experiences, especially when there are many different types of experiences, are potent environmental factors for major depressive disorder. Along with that, stressful life events, like childhood sexual abuse, loss of mother or father at an early age, or exposure to violent situations are recognized as precipitants of the disorder. Besides environmental and temperamental factors, close family members of individuals with major depressive disorder have a forty percent risk of inheritability, and the personality trait neuroticism composes a big part of this genetic feature (“DSM 5” …show more content…
Certain medications can cause the same symptoms as depression, and the physician should prevent this from happening through examination, interview, and laboratory tests. If there is found to be no physical causes for depression, a psychological evaluation that includes a mental exam should be done either by the physician or by a mental health professional, and once diagnosed, a person with depression can be treated with many types of methods. The most common treatments are medication and psychotherapy (“Depressive Disorders”). There are many forms of psychotherapies, including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy (IPT). CBT helps to change people’s negative way of thinking and behaving that may contribute to their depression. IPT helps people understand and work through problematic personal relationships that may cause their depression or make it worse. However, psychotherapy might not be the best treatment for major depression or for certain people, which is when medications are prescribed (“Depressive

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