Egypt : The Arab Republic Of Egypt Essay

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Egypt now known as the Arab Republic of Egypt is bordered by Israel, the Gulf of Aqaba, the Red Sea, Sudan and Libya. Since 1000BC Egypt became a dominate nation with one of the longest recorded histories of any modern country. As part of the cradle of civilization ancient Egypt developed some of the earliest forms of literature, agriculture, organized religion, urban development and style of government. Egypt 's cultural heritage became an important part of its national identity. With its ancient monuments such as the Giza Necropolis, the Great Sphinx, ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings modern day Egypt remains a significant interest worldwide. Egypt with the biggest population in North African and the Arab world with the majority of its population living near the banks of the Nile River in cities such as Cairo and Alexandria. Until recently Egypt was considered to be a regional power with significant cultural, political and military influence in North Africa, the Near East and the Muslim World. Its economy is one of the biggest and versatile in the Near East with tourism, agriculture and industry.

Beginning in 9000BC, the Nile Valley with its mild weather was inhabited by the hunter-gathers. Around 6000BC, the Natufian and later the Badarian and Naqada cultures domesticated animals and established farming settlements. An increase in population occurred sometime after 4000BC with many permanent villages and settlements developing along the Nile…

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