Essay on EE Philosophy Sample

1946 Words Dec 9th, 2013 8 Pages
Bonjour. Aujourd’hui je vais expliquer la Révolution Haïtienne et ses complexités.

Prior to 1790, Haitian society was broken up into 3 groups: the slaves, the gens de coleur (or free non-whites), and the whites.

The whites were equal in the eyes of the law, but they were divided by class. Meanwhile, the free non-whites, or gens de coleur, faced discrimination both in the law and in society. Despite this, there was still a wide range of social diversity. Unlike other colonies held by the Spanish and the British, social status and race were not inherently connected. There certainly were wealthy gens de coleur and poor whites. The slaves worked in the plantations under both the gens de coleur and the whites.

Following the 1789
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The leader of this group was Léger Sonthonax, who allied himself and his forces with the gens de coleur. Once connected to a revolutionary faction in Haiti, he began to brutally attack his enemies, deporting and purging them while also dissolving the colonial governments. Through Sonthonax’s effort, the whites in the North Province lost all of their military power and the remaining whites felt alientated.

In his military efforts, Sonthonax fought against both slaves and whites, believing both to be counterrevolutionary. He did not intend to abolish slavery, but was forced to do so in order to maintain power, when, in June 1793, slavery was abolished in the Northern Province of Haiti.
Because of Sonthonax’s despotic rule, two-thousand French sailors arrived in Cap Français in order to overthrow him on behalf of the whites still living in Haiti in June 1793. While fighting the newest French army, Sonthonax promised that any black slaves who fought for him would be freed. Taking his offer and were eventually victorious against the French, destroying Cap Français in the process. As a result, the remaining whites in the North Province of Haiti fled.

After the victory of Sonthonox in Cap Français, the Spanish invaded Haiti from the east, conceivably and most likely from what is now the Dominican Republic. The Spanish Army was joined by many of the black slave factions. They surrounded Sonthonax in Cap Français. In

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