Education Scenario and Needs in India: Building a Perspective Fo 2025

10018 Words Jan 10th, 2012 41 Pages
Education scenario and needs in India: Building a perspective for 2025
Suman Sachdeva

The Indian Constitution resolves to provide quality education to all and in an effort to fulfill the educational needs of the country specifically for the diverse societies and cultures of the country the government has chalked out different educational categories: Elementary education, Secondary education, Higher education, Adult education, Technical and Vocational education. Despite serious handicaps of means and resources, the country has built up during the last 50 years, a very large system of education and has created a vast body of men and women equipped with a high order of scientific and technological capabilities, robust humanist
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These 8.17 lakh schools together enrolled 1110 lakh children as compared to 192 lakh in 1951 2 . Universal provision of education has been substantially achieved at the primary stage (classes I-V). An estimated 95 percent of the rural population living in 8.26,000 habitatio ns has a primary school within a walking distance of 1 Km and about 85 percent of the rural population has an upper primary school within a walking distance of 3 Kms 3 . More than 150 million children are currently enrolled covering around 90 percent of the children in the age group of 6-14 years. Recent surveys on literacy rates indicate a phenomenal progress in the nineties and indicate a significant rise in the literacy level. (Refer Table 1.1) According to the National Sample Survey estimates, the literacy rate has increased about 12 percentage points in a period of six years from 52.21 in 1991 to 64.20 percent by 1997. Table 1.1
Year Number of Schools Primary Upper Primary 1951 18.33 27.16 8.86 215036 14576 1961 28.31 40.40 15.34 351530 55915 1971 34.45 45.95 21.97 417473 93665 1981 43.56 56.37 29.75 503763 122377 1991 52.21 64.13 39.29 566744 155926 Note: Literacy rates of 1951, 1961 and 1971 relate to population aged five years and above.

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