Acid Rain Essay

Decent Essays
Acid Rain is best described as any form of precipitation with high levels of nitric and sulfuric acid. Acid rain or acid deposition is the result of burning of fossil fuels. About two-thirds of SO2 and one-fourth of NOx are released into the air; it comes from electric power generators. These chemicals react would react with water, oxygen, and other substances to form delicate solution of sulfuric and nitric acid to form acidic pollutants. The source of sulphur dioxide comes from volcanoes, biological decay, forest fires; nitrogen oxides also comes from volcanoes and biological decay. Winds spread these acidic arrangements across the atmosphere and over many miles. At a point where acid rain reaches Earth, it it seeps into the soil and the …show more content…
Since then many lakes and rivers have been affected. Areas that have been affected by acid rain are Central Europe, Scotland, Canada, Scandinavia and United States. Acid rain makes waters acidic and causes then to take in the aluminum that advances from the soil into lakes and streams. This mix makes waters lethal to crawfish, shellfishes, and other aquatic creatures. It creates an atmosphere that threatens the survival of aquatic life. Arthropods and fish die in water that has a pH level less than five. Water with a low pH level causes gill damage in fish and death to fish embryos. With a level of five, most fish eggs cannot hatch. The effects of freshwater acidification as carbon source changes from carbonate (HCO3) to carbon dioxide (CO2), release of toxic metals, and freshwater fauna and flora gradually changes. Some species of fish or animal can tolerate reasonably acidic water, the animal or plants that eats it might not. Furthermore freshwater acidification can lead to decline and loss of fish population. A pH of 4.5 no fish is to survive. A decrease of pH is most correlated with an increase of toxic metal availability. Animals like leeches, snail, and crayfish are early victims of acidification; insect like mayfly would disappear even at moderate acidification. Species like dragonfly, water beetle, and blood worms can grow abnormally large. Salmon, trout, and roach are the most at risk from freshwater

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Acid Rain

    • 902 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Normally, life thrives in an approximately neutral pH. However, when the pH level strays too far from 7.0, the neutral level, the ecosystem starts to take damage as fragile organisms begin to die. Invertebrates and planktons are sensitive to changes to the acidity caused by acid rain and die first. Other organisms will start dying off as their weaker food sources die out. As the acid rain disrupts the food chain by affecting various populations of species, biodiversity decreases, and species without predators will grow dangerously large.…

    • 902 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Quagga Research Paper

    • 624 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Another process in which native mussels are destroyed is through the overabundance of shells which drastically reduces the amount of food availability for the native species ("CISR: Quagga & Zebra Mussels," 2011). Collapse of amphipod populations which are a reliant source of food for fish has been critically effected ("CISR: Quagga & Zebra Mussels," 2011). Avian botulism outbreaks which are experienced in the Great Lakes by Zebra and quagga mussels are responsible for the death of thousands of birds ("CISR: Quagga & Zebra Mussels," 2011). Organic pollutants can accumulate in the tissues of Zebra and quagga mussels up to 300,000 times which is due to the filtered feeding habit of the muscles ("CISR: Quagga & Zebra Mussels," 2011). Water acidity is increased through high populations of Zebra and quagga mussels ("CISR: Quagga & Zebra Mussels," 2011).…

    • 624 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Water Pollution Essay

    • 824 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Imbalance in the life forms in water, when fertilizers are released into the water, the chemicals in them will lead into an abnormal growth in water organisms such as algae and marine plants, the abnormal growth will make them grow in a larger size which will block up the water ways, and thus blocking will prevent the sufficient oxygen needed by them from entering. One of the most seriously troubling effects of water pollution is the death of marine animals that lives in the aquatic system such as birds, whales and dolphins and fish in general sea. The main cause of this effect is the oil leaking and disposal from oil Tankers. The discharge of the oil in sea makes the water surface thick and black in color, this will block the sun light and oxygen from entering causing death to fish. For instance, over 8,000 animals from different types such as birds, turtles and mammals, were reported as death after the spill of oil in American coast.…

    • 824 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Essay On Acid Rain

    • 1012 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Acid rain lowers the pH, and in turn causes fish to die due to the imbalanced salts found in their tissue. Acid rain can also cause phytoplankton to die. This affects other organisms in the ecosystem because they are a common food source. An example of a food web that could be changed would be phytoplankton that gets eaten by dragonflies and trout, the dragonflies are then consumed by salamanders, and the salamanders and trout are both consumed by eagles. The entire food chain could be impeded if the main source of energy (phytoplankton) were to die out due to the acid rain.…

    • 1012 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    When wastes are not treated this causes major effects on aquatic life. Often than not, dead fish and other aquatic life animals are killed because of the pollutants that attack their habitat. Lead and cadmium are pollutants that are consumed by aquatic animals that often contribute to their death. Not only does pollutants affect aquatic water quality life, but ground water is also affected. The most common sources of contaminants are pesticides, sewage, nutrients, and synthetic organics.…

    • 1415 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Pros And Cons Of Damnation

    • 1276 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Accumulation of silt above the dam leads to accumulation of pollutants such as heavy metals. The pollution of water is dangerous to both humans and the fishes. It may lead to outbreak of diseases, for instance cholera or typhoid. Heavy metal is carcinogenic hence threatening the human life. The slow flow of rivers trap the gravel, logs and other debris on the upper side of the stream hence lowering its use as food and habitat at the…

    • 1276 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Our impacts, starting with pollution, which leads to the emission of greenhouse gases, which leads to irregular climate change and increased temperatures. This has already been the cause of mass coral bleaching and it is only predicted to worsen. Coastal building increases the occurrence of nutrient run-off from construction and chemicals and other toxins. The increased interest in the exotic pet trade damages the coral reefs when trappers usually are careless and will trample or bang on the coral with sticks to get the fish to come out. Over fishing disrupts the balance of this ecosystem and the food chain can be impaired as well.…

    • 951 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Gulf Oil Spill Case Study

    • 687 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The disadvantages are that if we sprinkle the chemical dispersant it can harm all aquatic lives including small bacterias that live hundreds of feet underwater. If this harms organisms who is living deep in the ocean, of course, it will impact people. It depends on type of the oil. If it’s the bunk oil, the oil is very sticky, and heavy, that every marine lives will be killed. Because either they can’t move, or they can’t breath.…

    • 687 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Many industries are also responsible for causing massive amounts of air pollution. Petroleum refineries are a good example of pollution industry, since it is producing enormous amounts of toxic gases like, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. Another way to produce sulphur is by the combustion of fuels like coal. All these pollution can be observed in winter, due to the combination of all these chemicals and the fog, it is mainly known by the name of smog. Another kind of air pollutants is present in refrigerators, air conditioners and aerosol sprays, these ones are called chlorofluorocarbons, and they aim directly to the ozone layer.…

    • 1578 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Acid Rain Effects

    • 1814 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Human activities: The different human activities and technology are the main reasons for acid rain, it caused the harmful gases and chemicals to release and react with the different gases in the atmosphere to form dangerous acidic. There many sources of the harmful gases caused by human activities such as: • Generate electricity by burning the fossil fuels (coal): the electric power generators come out with Two thirds of SO2 and one fourth of NOX to the atmosphere. • Transportation which include Vehicles (buses, trucks) and heavy equipment. • Manufacturing processes, oil refineries and many other industries release nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide in the air. 2.3.…

    • 1814 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays