Eastern Orthodoxy Essay
Eastern Orthodoxy was formed in the 1st-5th centuries BC. Eastern Orthodoxy developed its identity after the “Great Schism” in which Rome and Constantinople had a falling out and both Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism gained an identity (“Eastern Orthodoxy”). The religion originated in the East from the Roman-Byzantine Empire with the headquarters in Constantinople. Eastern Orthodoxy regards its self as the True Church, being rooted in Christianity. Eastern Orthodoxy places great value on the doctrine and holds the Bible to be the sacred text. They use the Septuagint, or the Greek Old Testament. The movement also emphasizes the Creeds and the seven ecumenical councils. In fact, the church often refers to itself as …show more content…
Important characters in developing the Eastern Orthodox movement are Greek Church Fathers who were influential Christian theologians that emerged from monasteries. These include Gregory of Nyssa, John Chrysostom and St. Basil the Great. All three men are considered the Great Hierarch because of their influence on the Eastern Orthodox Church (Bruce).
Gregory of Nyssa had a great influence on the Eastern Orthodox teaching regarding divinization. This suggests that we, as sinners, can be made holy through Christ who is made holy by God who is incarnate. Eastern Orthodox uses the teachings of Gregory of Nyssa in describing Jesus Christ and how he relates to both us and the Father. Divinization deals with an individual becoming united with God. Specifically, it refers to us becoming more and more like Christ (“Eastern Orthodoxy: Did You Know?”).
John Chrysostom is recognized as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox church. He rejected the trend on allegory. He introduced the beginnings of hesychasm to the Eastern Orthodox movement.
St. Basil the Great defended the Nicene Creed which Eastern Orthodoxy is largely based off of. The Nicene Creed provides the church with its orthodoxy. He is accredited for his monastic …show more content…
They stress the belief of the Holy Trinity which includes the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Eastern Orthodox Church believes that God is one substance in three persons. Although the three persons are distinct, they are one divine essence. They say that the second person of the trinity, Logos, is of the same substance, or homoousios, to the third person- the Holy Spirit. The Father begot the Son and from the Father comes the Holy Spirit (Mastrantonis). The Eastern Orthodox Church places high value on the Virgin Mary from which God sent His Son to be born. She is referred to as Theotokos which means “God-bearer”. Not to mention, the Eastern Orthodox Church doesn’t fail to recognize Christ’s resurrection, signifying that it was the most important event in His life. His resurrection is considered to be a supreme declaration of faith. As for the Holy Spirit, it is clear that Eastern Orthodoxy stands firm in the belief that the Holy Spirit comes from the Father and not the Son; there is only one origin of the Holy Spirit and that is the Father The Western Church believes that the Holy Spirit comes from both the Father and the Son (“The Eastern Orthodox”). Eastern Orthodoxy credits their beliefs on the Holy Trinity to be summarized in the Nicene