Eastern Orthodoxy was formed in the 1st-5th centuries BC. Eastern Orthodoxy developed its identity after the “Great Schism” in which Rome and Constantinople had a falling out and both Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism gained an identity (“Eastern Orthodoxy”). The religion originated in the East from the Roman-Byzantine Empire with the headquarters in Constantinople. Eastern Orthodoxy regards its self as the True Church, being rooted in Christianity. Eastern Orthodoxy places great value on the doctrine and holds the Bible to be the sacred text. They use the Septuagint, or the Greek Old Testament. The movement also emphasizes the Creeds and the seven ecumenical councils. In fact, the church often refers to itself as …show more content…
Hesychasm is mystical tradition of prayer used as a means of worship. This form of prayer unites soul and body. It offers strict control of the body. This reflects the practice of monks in the sense that it requires solitude. However, it does not go as far as to experience loneliness, as monks do (“About Eastern Orthodox Hesychasm”). For members of Eastern Orthodox churches, worship lasts two or more hours.
Eschatology is the belief that when a person dies their soul is temporarily separated from the body. Eastern Orthodox does not agree with Purgatory in which the Roman Catholics believe. Purgatory is the belief in purification after dying before the body enters heaven. It is custom for Eastern Orthodox members to pray over bodies because they believe that the state of the soul is affected by both love and prayers, which, in turn, affects the last judgment (Mastratonis).
Eastern Orthodox shares the basic Christian teachings that there will be a day of judgment and we will dwell in the kingdom of God. Eastern Orthodox churches believe that they have the one, true, holy church and it is by the grace of God that they have been able to preserve faith and practices of the true church. Eastern Orthodoxy is characterized by sticking to tradition in beliefs and practices (“Eastern Orthodoxy: Did You