There are many strains of E. coli. Most strains are considered harmless. In fact, E. coli plays a necessary role in the human digestive system. The danger of E. coli comes from the specific strain known as STEC, or Shiga toxin-producing E. coli. STEC lives in the guts of animals, such as cattle, goats, sheep, deer, and elk (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). When this strain of E. coli enters the intestine of human, symptoms such as diarrhea occur (Hedge, 2016).
STEC has not always been an issue. The feeding of grain-based feed to dairy and beef cattle, in an attempt to fatten them up quicker at a lower cost, has caused this strain to develop (Cummins, 2006). Cattle’s natural food is grass and roughage. A cow’s stomach is naturally designed to break down this type of food. When grain is introduced, the acidity …show more content…
Owners/shareholders, employees, special interest groups, and end consumers make up the more prominent of these. Each stakeholder values different things when it comes to factory farming. Owners/shareholders value the income received from operations. Employees value job security and income. Special interest groups value their own views on the industry. End consumers value a low cost source of meat to purchase. While each of these stakeholders have unique values, each comes at a cost.
Owners and shareholders value profits and income. They value this so much; the processes they implement are solely for this benefit. One such example of would be the Cargill Meat Solutions Corporation division of Cargill Meats. In 2005, Cargill Meats created a subdivision primarily focused on meat production. To implement this, Cargill built a new meat processing plant in Wichita, Kansas, that focused as a “one stop shop” for all their meat production (Young, 2005). This plant is efficient, and allows for reduced costs by keeping the entire process under one