Drug Abuse And Drug Addiction Essay

749 Words Oct 30th, 2016 3 Pages
Drug abuse and drug addiction are hard terms to define. Drugs are substances that change or alter the body and mind’s natural responses. Drug abuse is referring to a habit an individual has with continual use of addictive drugs or substances. As defined by World Health Organization (WHO), “addiction can be defined as a state of periodic or chronic intoxication detrimental to the individual and society, which is characterized by an over-whelming desire to continue taking drug to obtain it by any means”(World Health Organization [WHO], 1964, p. 9-10). There are a number of reasons why a person becomes addicted to drugs, and explains why not every person does drugs for the same reason. Different substances can cause different responses in our body’s natural chemical signaling. For example, amphetamines, cocaine, methamphetamine effect our dopamine levels, whereas, others effect our serotine levels like LSD, ecstasy, and MDMA (Hanson, Venturelli, & Fleckenstein, 2015, p. 129). Drug users become addicted to the feelings that are associated with an increase in the certain chemical neurotransmitters that are effected by their drug of choice. I do agree that there’s a drug use epidemic in our country. According to Hanson et al, “in 2011, it’s estimated that 20.6 million persons age 12 or older were classified with substance dependence or abuse in the past year, and marijuana was the illicit drug with the highest rate of past-year dependence or abuse in 2011 followed by pain…

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