Risk And Protective Factors For Prescription Opioid Overdose

1261 Words 6 Pages
Introduction Unintentional poisoning is now the leading cause of injury death in the United States affecting those age 15-64 (CDC WISQARS, 2014). Unintentional poisoning includes all drug overdoses; however, of particular concern currently in the United States is prescription opioid overdose. Opioids are a class of drug that are designed to relieve pain. Prescription opioids include brands such as Vicodin, OxyContin, Percocet, Duragesic, Demerol, and Dilaudid, amongst others. Illicit opioids include heroin and any prescription opioids that are not taken as prescribed. Because opioids work by affecting the brain receptors directly, a person can form tolerance and become physically dependent on them. Opioids are highly addictive and dangerous …show more content…
Protective factors are those things that decrease risk of a particular disease or injury. Risk and protective factors for prescription opioid overdose are generally consistent with those associated with overdose on alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Ultimately, the likelihood of developing a substance use disorder or experiencing a drug overdose is a balance of risk and protective factors. Early use, availability, and low cost of drugs are risk factors for substance abuse and addiction in teens and adults. Some individuals are more prone biologically to addiction by gender, age, mental health history, and genetics. Low socioeconomic status and community poverty are known risk factors for substance abuse. Method of administration can be a significant risk factor for overdose. Using by injection or inhalation dramatically increases the likelihood or addiction (NIDA, 2014). There are several known individual, social, and environmental risk and protective factors for substance abuse which vary by age …show more content…
This method could decrease unintentional medication diversion as well as reduce the number of prescriptions that are being disposed unsafely and ending up in our water systems (MI Task Force, 2015).
Recommended Enforcement Prevention Strategies Prescription opioids are controlled substances; thus, they are distributed in a strongly regulated environment and can only be prescribed by licensed practitioners (MI Task Force, 2015). However, there is a significant lack of education and policy reform to ensure appropriate prescribing practices, and opioids are still far overprescribed. Over 650,000 opioid prescriptions are dispense daily in the United States, and at the same time 3,900 people begin using prescriptions drugs non-medically (HHS, 2016). Recommended prevention strategies in enforcement involve controlling prescribing practices. It is recommended that Michigan increase the number of practitioners who specialize in addiction prevention and treatment. It is also suggested that pain management practice be defined in legislation and that Michigan practitioners be trained along such guidelines to ensure proper prescribing practices (MI Task Force,

Related Documents