Drought And Its Effects On The United States Essay
I. Drought must be defined to understand the impact the current drought has on the Southwestern United States.
A. In order to understand drought we must first understand what drought means.
1. Drought is defined by Merriam-Webster dictionary as “A period of dryness especially when prolonged; specifically: one that causes extensive damage to crops or prevents their successful growth”(Merriam-Webster).
2. According to an article titled, What Does the Drought Mean for the Future, from the University of Arizona Climate change network, drought can mean different things like enough water to produce a good harvest or sustain other needs, or simply not enough rain to meet your needs (Overpeck).
B. Droughts historically have been a part of the American experience, sometime contributed greatly by the farming practices of our agricultural industry.
1. During the 1950’s drought spread across the southwest and great plains, Texas only had fifty-one percent of its normal rainfall, rain was scarce and temperatures were high contributing to a loss of fifty percent of crop yields (Pappas).
2. During the 1930’s , also known as the dirty 30’s, a severe drought and agricultural mismanagement of…