Essay on Does Oxytocin Have An Effect On Children With Autism?

1470 Words May 15th, 2016 6 Pages
Life Sciences Research Project

Does Oxytocin have an effect on children with autism? If so what are these effects?

Introduction
First of all Oxytocin is a hormone that is created in the brain, in the hypothalamus. It is transported to and secreted by, the pituitary gland. It acts as a hormone and as a brain neurotransmitter. Oxytocin has an anti-anxiety effect and may increase personal attachment and empathetic behaviour. Research has shown that oxytocin may be beneficial for people with autistic spectrum disorders. When it is released into to specific areas of the brain it may affect emotional, cognitive, and social behaviours these are known as “pro–social behaviours”.

Although there also has been research stating that these behaviour are not just affected by oxytocin alone but in a whole neuro chemical system. And this is what affects these behaviours .

It is said “It is rather unlikely that any widely acting hormone or neurotransmitter will be narrowly funnelled to modulate complex, high-order mental processes that are specific to social cognition," says the authors of a 2013 paper.

Scientific research has discovered that brain oxytocin 's specific ability to change social behaviour, including effects on aggression, bonding between couples, sexual behaviour, social ability and trust.

Source A:

“Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterised, in varying…

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