Divide And Conquer : Partisanship Government Essay

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Divide and Conquer: Partisanship Government Partisanship polarization is not a new concept to American politics. The Founding Fathers were divided on the philosophies of federal government between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists. American politics saw a decline of partisan politics during the 1950s and 1960s, however there was a resurgence in the late 1970s that has yet to cease (Brewer, 2005, p. 219). While the political elite have been divided along partisan lines, the results of their division have extended to the American populace. The division of the American populace makes the governing by the political elite an easier task. Therefore, it is an easier task for the elite to maintain the status quo. Mark Brewer addresses the increase of partisanship within American politics and the political elite. Since the resurgence of partisanship in the late 1970s, politicians have become more polarized in their ideological beliefs and have become more similar in the opinions of their political brothers (Hetherington, 2001, p. 629). “The parties were growing farther apart from each other (with the Democrats becoming more liberal and the GOP becoming more conservative), while the individual members of each party were becoming more similar to their fellow partisans” (Brewer, 2005, p. 220). Republicans and Democrats have always had different ideological views on economics and social welfare. Additionally, according to Brewer (2005) the number of ideological issues has increased…

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