Distinction Between Ethics And Morality Essay

866 Words 4 Pages
Explain the distinction between ethics and morality. (Page 22, #1; 2 Marks)
Ethics and morals correlate with each other in terms of “right and wrong.” The clear distinction between the two however is that morals is an individual’s judgment of what is right and wrong based on religion or their personal biases, while ethics on the other hand is principles of right conduct which is practical and non-subjective. Ethics promotes fairness in terms of any social and business interactions. For example, a catholic student committing pre-marital sex can be categorized morally wrong. In contrast, a principle stealing money from the school that he is supposed to be regulating can be an ethical problem. In both situations however, morals and ethics do
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Every decision causes an outward effect, either producing peace and order (good) or disharmony and chaos (bad). This relates to an individual’s ethics and moral to do what is right and avoid the bad, for the reason being that choices can either impact ourselves or others. By making good decisions it generates a reaction of trust and demonstrate respect. However, it takes commitment, consciousness, and competency to make these decisions.
How would ethics be compromised if naturalism were the only way to understand human behavior? (Page 40, #4; 3 Marks) Naturalism is defined as the belief that all human actions and choices have been pre-determined by natural causes. Naturalism directly opposes ethics, morality, and free will as everything humans do can be traced back to biological factors (i.e genetics, environment where he/she grew, etc.) that compels the person to act in a particular way. By removing the sense of free will, it cannot be determined if someone chose to act ethically or he/she acted in a way he/she is designed to. If only naturalism is to be followed, the everyone can point their faults into their genetic coding instead of the choices they
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(Page 60, #1; 3 Marks)
The three senses of conscience are the conscience as a capacity to recognize right and wrong, conscience as a process of moral reasoning, and conscience as a judgement. Conscience as a capacity to recognize right and wrong refers to a person’s general awareness of that some things are right and some things are wrong. The capacity is the basic orientation of humans towards good. Conscience as a moral reasoning is seeking moral wisdom (the truth) from sources outside of your own through learning about moral issues, values, to act according to your conscience and reason correctly in moral situations. Conscience as a judgement means evaluating all factors and making a commitment to follow through with it. In this sense the decision is based on personal perception and values of the individual. The conscience that involves being true to yourself. The “secret core and sanctuary” where we are alone with God.” as said by the Vatican Council.

When you face a choice between two conflicting goods (e.g. Thomas More: upholding his principles vs. saving his life; or Allannah; developing her musical vs. helping her family), name the various factors that can come into play in your decision – making process. (Page 60, #4; 3

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