Discuss the Concept of Power in International Relations from a Realist Perspective
Realists hold a pessimistic view of human nature: men are born to be selfish and with desire to conquer others. They argue that there should be two different moral standards: one is for individual who follows it in life within the state and the other is for the state in the international system because either of the standards is not appropriate if one conducts it in the other environment. The moral standard for the state allows it to do something that would not be acceptable for an individual. For that reason, no state is trustworthy in the international relation. Basically, a state would want to know if there is any threat from other states that would affect their power. However, it is already hard to know the intentions of other states, and it is almost impossible to predict their future steps. When the state’s interests and the international obligations come into conflict, even the treaties between states can be set aside, let alone other agreements, conventions, customs, rules, law, etc.( Jackson, & Sørensen, 2003, p.69) Even the deal decided today can be broken tomorrow. To deal with the worst situation, the best solution is to strengthen the state itself.
The most concern of realists is national security and state survival. As I have mentioned before, states represent “the collective will of people”. The state has the