Differences Between The Ideas Of Hobbes And Locke Essay
Professor David Hill
July 15, 2015
1) Explain the main differences and similarities between the ideas of Hobbes and Locke’s. Similarities include: rights, state of nature, atheism, powers of a sovereign, and the idea that governments are beneficial.
John Locke and Thomas Hobbes are two social contract theorist who share similarities in their Social Contract Theories, however they both have differences. The social contract theory is a voluntary agreement among individuals by which organized society is brought into being and invested with the right to secure mutual protection and welfare or to regulate the relations among its members.
John Locke’s theory that persons’ moral and/or political obligation are dependent upon a contact or agreement between them and society. There are implied agreements by which people form nations and maintain social order. The people give up rights to a government and other authority in order to receive or jointly preserve social order. We give up our right to ourselves exact retribution for crimes in return for impartial justice backed by overwhelming force. We retain the right to life and liberty, and gain the right to just, impartial protection of our property. Locke also believed if a ruler seeks absolute power, if he acts both as judge and participant in disputes, he puts himself in a state of war with his subjects and we have the right and the duty to kill such rulers and their servants.
In the state of…