Difference Between Social And Community Crime Prevention

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Register to read the introduction… This long-term approach aims to eliminate the circumstances that predispose an individual to crime because research shows that causes of crime exist in social conditions such as poverty and unemployment. For example, policies designed to promoted full-time employment, are likely to reduce crime as a side effect of part-time employment, where extra money needs to be earned through illegal means. However, this approach tends to focus on opportunistic, street crime. This is a weakness because it ignores white-collar and environmental crimes that are largely under-represented in the official statistics. For example, Whyte argues that just 2 chemical plants in the North of England release into the air 40% of all cancer-causing chemicals every year but isn’t represented in the schemes designed to reduce crime and therefore this approach over-generalizes its effectiveness in tackling the root causes or crime. Many try to decrease crime rates through punishment. Firstly, there is the idea of ‘reduction’ where crime is reduced through deterrence, rehabilitation and incapacitation. For example, punishing individuals deters them from reoffending. Next is the idea of ‘retribution’, which justifies punishing criminals as a way …show more content…
This is represented in the Repressive State Apparatus. For example, punishments and policies to deter crime are made by the ruling class, and thus protect them against any punishments of crime, reflecting the economic base in society. Melossie and Pavarini also see imprisonment as reflecting the capitalist relations of production. For example, the capitalist system and prisons both share a similar discipline as they involve subordination of the proletariat and their loss of

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