Social Theory Paradigm

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Realism is another epistemology position which relates to scientific enquiry. The realism is that what the senses show us as reality is the truth: the objects have an existence independent of the human mind. Realism begins from the position that the picture that science paints of the world is a true and accurate one (Chia and Holt 2006)There are two type of realism one is direct realism another is critical realism. Direct realism says that what you see is what you get: what we experience through our senses portrays the world accurately. And critical realism says that what we experience are sensations, the images of the things in the real world, not the things directly. For example when umpire in a cricket team gave the decision of out then …show more content…
This can range from thought patterns to action. Paradigm is a way of examining social phenomena from which particular understandings of these phenomena can be gained and explanations attempted. In this chapter four paradigms for the analysis of social theory have been explained: functionalist, interpretive, radical structuralist and radical humanist. And these four paradigms are arranged to correspond to four conceptual dimensions: radical change and regulation, subjectivist and objectivist. Radical changes means change the judgment simply it is a critical perspective of organizational life that make judgment about the way organizational affairs should be conducted and also the way these affairs may bring fundamental changes to a normal order of things. The regulatory perspective is less judgmental and critical. This is more related to the way in which organizational affairs are regulated and suggested how they improve within the same or current stage of framework. In simple words radical change is refer to overturning the existing state of organization affairs, on the other hand regulatory dimension refer to work within the existing state of organization …show more content…
As it is located on subjectivist and regulatory dimension so it more related to discovering irrationalities. For example if any problem occur in organization then researcher have to interpret the problem in a way that it explains the solution by all sides (interpret all possibilities).

Radical humanist paradigm is located within the subjectivist and radical change dimensions. Here researcher concerned with changing the status quo and adopt ontological perspective. For example if in any organization employees are habitual of working manually than researcher work on it and explain them that work with technology is more beneficial so this is changing the human mind or status quo. Its means that researcher is working on changing the existing state of organization affairs. Radical structuralist: is located at objectivist and radical dimensions. Here researcher view to achieving fundamental changes based upon an analysis of such organizational phenomena as power relationships and pattern of conflict. For example in it researcher is involved with structural patterns with work organizations such as hierarchies and reporting relationships and the extent to which these may produce dysfunctional

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