Difference Between Bacteria And Typhoid Fever

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Bacteria and Typhoid Fever
Bacteria are a single cell organism also known as a Prokaryote that have been around longer than Archaea and Eukarya. Bacteria appeared on Earth 4 billion years ago and are said to be the first forms of life (Nordqvist). The cell of bacterium does not have a nucleus and is without membrane-bound organelle. Bacteria can be rod, sphered or spiral shaped. Bacteria are the most plentiful organism on Earth; as well as being the most various. Humans and plants could not survive without bacteria.
Reproduction in the form of binary fission is how bacteria procreates. This is an asexual form of reproduction where the cell divides into two identical cells. Mutation is also known to happen. This occurs when bacterial cells
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It is important to understand both aspects of bacteria and how they shape and create life today. Without bacteria humans and other living things would not exist. Though there is a negative side to bacterial infections more good comes from this single celled organism.
Typhoid fever is defined as an infection caused by bacterium Salmonella typhi. Which is in the same family as salmonella poisoning/food poisoning. It lives in the intestine and bloodstream of humans and is not carried by animals; therefore it goes from human to human (Newman). Typhoid fever effects the whole body, not just the stomach. Typhoid fever seeks out immune cells known as neutrophils which allow it to spread throughout the body. The bacteria are essentially go undetected to the neutrophils causing a more dangerous infection (PLOS).
Typhoid fever is transmitted through consuming food and/or water that has been contaminated by fecal mater and urine of an infected person. It can also be transmitted by poor hygiene and by people who have been treated and cured of typhoid fever (Carson-DeWitt). It must be consumed to cause any harm. Most transmission takes places in parts of the world with inferior cleanliness laws and practices. Typhoid fever is most common in Africa, South America and India with the numbers reaching into the millions throughout the world each year. Open sewage can also lead to transmission by flies landing on and picking
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There is one form of treatment if the bacterial infection is caught soon enough. Antibiotics are used to treat typhoid fever. As of now the two most common ones used are ceftriaxone and cefoperazone (Carson-DeWitt). It is stated that ciprofloxacin is also used as a follow up treatment (Casrson-DeWitt) or used by non-pregnant adults (Newman). It is encouraged to stay hydrated throughout the recovery period. The treatment can last up to six weeks and is key to helping eliminate the spread of the infection. With the bacteria morphing and fighting the immune system, the antibiotics may become obsolete. It continues to be a difficult disease to treat (Universit├Ąt Basel). Research is ongoing to stay ahead of the ever changing

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