Deviant Behavior

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While tattoos and piercing once symbolized tribal signs and cultural signifiers, they have become increasingly popular among university students in North America as a manner of expression. My aim in this paper is to explore whether or not having piercings or tattoos has a correlation to the level of other deviant behaviour, specifically regarding drug and alcohol consumption, and level of sexual activity. Additionally, I will investigate childhood behaviour and background in hopes of finding a link between deviant behaviour in younger years to deviant acts now.
I focus on texts by authors such as George Ritzer to define a clear idea of what deviance and high-risk behaviour is, as well as engaging with Jerome Koch, Alden Roberts, Myrna Armstrong,
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Primary deviance involves acts of deviance that have no real pattern; they are strange and against the norm, however they are usually not persisting (Ritzer & Guppy, 2013). On the other hand, secondary acts of deviance are recurring and eventually can lead people to organize their lives around their deviant status. Secondary deviance can be, and usually is, influenced in some way by a primary deviance (Ritzer & Guppy, 2013). In our particular case, the act of body adornment is an act of primary deviance, as one does not acquire piercings and tattoos every day. Secondary acts of deviance here, among other things, could be drug and alcohol use (Ritzer & Guppy, …show more content…
In both articles written by these authors, they explore the connection between body adornment and deviant behaviour of various sorts. As these articles covered a range of secondary deviant acts, I will break them down into categories to analyze as the original researchers did. The three categories of body adornment were pierced (ranging from no piercing to more than seven), tattooed (ranging from no tattoos to more than four), and intimate piercings (either yes or no), and from here, secondary deviance acts and their frequency were included (Koch. et al.,

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