Essay on Development of Modern Prison
Role of Labour Discipline, Time and Space in the Formation of Modern Prison.
The jail system began on seventeenth century. It was during this time that the outcasts in the society including the homeless and the poor were segregated and they were enclosed in a particular place on their own (Matthews 2009, 20). This was either done for a period after which they were taken back or it was done permanently where they were supposed to remain on their own forever. This was realised later that it could also act as a form of punishment to those who were identified with general misconduct. There was a …show more content…
Imprisonment was a more humane punishment as people left the barbaric forms of punishment to adopt more civilised forms of punishments. This was mainly because the olden methods of punishments were more painful and people wanted to adopt better way of punishments which were still reasonable.
As the jails became established, there was more need to expand the institutions that received further criticism (Morris and Rothman 1995, 70). It was seen like the offenders were using far too much money on their retention than they were benefiting the society. This was mainly because the offenders could only be locked on particular places where they were to remain in solitude as their form of punishment. This concern about whether the prisoners were receiving enough punishment called for the need of a more severe punishment and that is when it was seen necessary to transport prisoners to work as slaves. This new development was a more economical way of handling the prisoners as they could be used in a more economical way. They were transported all over Europe and United States to work on different mines and plantations. This method, however, raised concerns due to the transportation conditions. It was assumed that the death rate of prisoners who were being transported in vessels was over 25% that further brought