Description And Classification Of Schizophrenia Essay
“What is schizophrenia? The America Psychiatric Association defines schizophrenia in its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV(DSM-IV) as a disorder with active symptoms for at least 1 month, consisting of delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized/bizarre behavior, and/or a lack of organized speech, activity, or emotions. Usually at least two of these sets of symptoms are present. The illness, with a prodromal stage prior to diagnosis and a residual stage after treatment (both having some often nonspecific behavioral symptoms), lasts at least 6 months with continuous sign of some disturbance. During this period, an individual with schizophrenia is clearly considered impaired in his or ability to perform at work, attend school, or participate in social activities in a productive way” (Miller, R., & Mason, S p.38-39 (2011.). ).
“Delusions are beliefs that are not true. There are several different kinds of delusions. If you believe that people are trying to harm you even though this is not the case, you are suffering from a paranoid delusion. This can be a terrifying experience because it seems so real. Delusions of reference occur when things in the environment seem to be directly related to you even though they are not. For example, it may seem as if people are talking about you or special personal messages are being communicated to you through the TV, radio, or other…