Democratization in Sudan Essay
It has been known that the most of the period since independence in 1956 is military-dominated. This is because more than three-fourths of the total independence period, around 35 out of 45 years was under the domination of three military rulers, which are the Abboud regime (1958-1964), the Nimeiri regime (1969-1985) and the Bashir regime (1989).
Based on overall performance measured by macro-economic fundamentals, namely, growth rate, savings and investment rates, balance of payments, foreign exchange reserves, inflation and unemployment, the decade of 1980s seems to be the worst. While the performance during the initial two decades after independence in the mid-1950s to the mid 1970s was not as worse as the …show more content…
Based on the score of democraticness (SD), the average values of the coefficients of SD for Sudan at 56 for the whole of the 1960s and 68 for the 1970s compare much favourably with a number of other oil-rich or better-off West Asian and North African countries like Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Oman, Nigeria, Jordan, Iran, Libya and Egypt. The index of higher economic freedom is expected to explain the higher level of human development through higher economic growth. But based on the findings of the Freedom House Survey (1998-99) and Index of Economic Freedom, the average annual growth in per capita GNP for 1996-97 does not seem to be associated with the human development index (HDI) of the corresponding period.
The better growth of Sudan during the mid-1990s could not also be immediately translated into better performance in human development which requires a long time to materialize. This may be because the HDI being a very complex variable is the resultant effect of so many other