David Mruman Interest Group Theory

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Both David Truman and Mancur Olson are both political scientist who question the theory of interest groups in the American Government. The main discussion of interest groups was created by James Madison in the Federalist papers. Madison wrote that factions, who are representative of a minority or a majority of the whole, unite around an interest. In theory, Madison wanted groups to come together to create policy together with the greater good of man in mind. Unfortunately, Madison feared that elites would become too powerful and take over the government. Madison stated that: “There are two methods of curing the mischiefs of faction: the one, by removing its causes; the other, by controlling its effects. There are again two methods of removing the causes of faction: the one, by destroying the liberty which is essential to its existence; the other, by giving to every citizen the same opinions, the same passions, and the same interests.” The solution to Madison’s problem would be the checks and balances method in the American democracy system. The check and balance system helped not only provide competition between interest but also allowed interest to each be a part of the policymaking policy while creating a government that is supported by the groups. Which is also …show more content…
Olson believes that the pluralist theory isn’t always accurate. Olson established that groups only exist for the common good and self-interest. Olson believes Truman’s neglected the theory of “Free-riders”. Truman believes that everybody will fight for the same interest no matter what. While Olson believes that people will watch others chop their heads off and reek the benefits. It kind of like, watching someone else getting their hands dirty and the person with the clean hands say they created the masterpiece. Creating the notion that Truman, neglects individual interest or actual group

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