David Emile Durkheim's Sociological Theory
Durkheim wanted sociology to be studied as an independent academic discipline. His important concept includes that society is a sui generis reality which means that reality of society is unique to itself and which can not be reduced to its composing part.In order to study or understand this reality of society one has to do in sociological term and not any thing other. He further claimed on the basis of above mentioned concept of society that society can be studied scientifically.
As mentioned above that according to Durkheim the reality of society is sui generis which means “unique” and it can be studied scientifically. To establish …show more content…
The method of causal explanation concerns with the answering of “why” the social phenomena exist. On the other hand the functional method of explanation involves in forming a relation between social organisation and the fact. According to Durkheim the social fact should and must be viewed with respect to their usefulness . The main objective of sociology is to find both the dimension, cause and function of social fact. For any social fact there are both cause and function and the cause responsible for the social fact must be studied separately. According to Durkheim it is wrong to explain social fact directly with respect to individual