David Emile Durkheim's Sociological Theory

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(1)INTRODUCTION: David Emile Durkheim was a French Sociologist born in 1858 in Epinal ,France. He was a pioneer in the field of sociology and considered as one of the founder of modern sociology .His works were focused on the study of society and social life. He analysed the ways in which a society and its various branches and sub branches works.His famous work includes , The Division of Labour in Society ( 1893) ,The Rules of Sociological Method (1895), Sucide : A Study in Sociology (1897), & The Elementary Forms of The Religious Life (1912).
Durkheim wanted sociology to be studied as an independent academic discipline. His important concept includes that society is a sui generis reality which means that reality of society is unique to itself and which can not be reduced to its composing part.In order to study or understand this reality of society one has to do in sociological term and not any thing other. He further claimed on the basis of above mentioned concept of society that society can be studied scientifically.

Durkheim,s Positivisms
As mentioned above that according to Durkheim the reality of society is sui generis which means “unique” and it can be studied scientifically. To establish
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The method of causal explanation concerns with the answering of “why” the social phenomena exist. On the other hand the functional method of explanation involves in forming a relation between social organisation and the fact. According to Durkheim the social fact should and must be viewed with respect to their usefulness . The main objective of sociology is to find both the dimension, cause and function of social fact. For any social fact there are both cause and function and the cause responsible for the social fact must be studied separately. According to Durkheim it is wrong to explain social fact directly with respect to individual

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