David Bosco's Uncertain Guardians: Analysis

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The United Nations, since its implementation in 1945, has done much to try regulate international relations, and increase living standards globally. However, there is severe, ideological and structural limitations to the UN’s ability to regulate states and enforce its regulations, rendering it largely ineffective. Initially, the UN was created to be a mediator between states in order to conduct international relations in a relatively peaceful way, and establish a system which can deploy humanitarian aid. However, there is varying ideas on the execution of these ideals. In David Bosco’s Uncertain Guardians, he articulates the idea of ideological dualism within the foundation of the UN and the pursual of its objectives. He states that one ideology …show more content…
Bosco articulates, that it is extremely difficult to effective fulfill the objectives of a collaborative institution due to the vested interests of states and the anarchic reality of international relations (Bosco 443). There is no supranational entity which can govern states and enforce the UN’s objectives, suspending the UN in a state of stagnant idealistic debate, as general concensus is almost impossible to achieve. This perspective accurately represents the dissonance between realism and idealism in the international community, as it would be ideal for UN peacekeeping initiatives to be effective, but in the current system, this is overshadowed by states desire for control and power to ensure their own security. Thus the second, more realist, ideology is slightly more effective, a stance which Bosco supports, because it takes into account that states are sovereign entities that have the potential to fight each other, but through international negotiations, this outcome can be avoided (Bosco 446). With this in mind, Bosco suggests that in order for the UN to become an effective institution an ideological shift needs to occur, rather than a structural …show more content…
Glennon and Bosco rightly state that the Security Council is deeply divided along ideological and cultural lines, making it ineffective and dangerous to the stability of the UN. At its core, the Security Council, as stipulated by the Charter of the UN, to be tasked with the maintenance of international peace and security (Bosco 441). A fundamental aspect of international policy that if not maintained correctly, will lead to the dismantle of the UN. Unfortunately, the work of the UN is complicated by different interpretations within the Security Council on how these principles must be carried out, vested interests, and unbalanced power

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