Darwin 's Theories And The Victorian 's Shadow Of Doubt Essays
Throughout time many men in many cultures have suffered a crisis of faith. Because of what they see around them they begin doubting there may be a kind and ever present God watching over the world. The Victorian era was no exception. The Victorian Era, because of Darwin’s newfound theories on evolution, was an era when the religious crisis was in the core of every man’s heart.
Twenty years after his return on the H.M.S. Beagle surveying expedition, Charles Robert Darwin, father of evolution as he has come to be known, shocked many Victorians with his ideas despite his protestations of theological benignity. Ernst Mayr, an evolutionary biologist and originator of the Biological Species Concept, summarizes Darwin’s theories in his book, One Long Argument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought. Mayr separated Darwin’s fundamental ideas into five theories in Chapter Four, “Ideological Opposition to Darwin 's Five Theories: Darwin’s five conceptual breakthroughs”.
The first theory, according to Mayr, is Theory of Evolution. Evolution as such. This particular concept states that organisms are altered over time due to a world that is steadily changing and is not constant or recently created nor perpetually cycling. The second theory asserts common descent. Darwin believed all groups of organisms, this included animals, plants, and microorganisms, descended from a common ancestor, ultimately go back to a…