Cultural Pluralism Definition

Improved Essays
Race is a social construct that has only served to cause separation between groups of different backgrounds. Upon interaction between groups of people, there are many ways that groups would react given their differences. In his essay, Models of American Ethnic Relations: A Historical Perspective, author George M. Fredrickson labels 4 cultural interactions that have occurred when people of different ethnic backgrounds have interacted throughout American History: Ethnic Hierarchy, One-Way Assimilation, Cultural Pluralism, and Group Separation. Through Fredrickson’s outlining of each model, we are able to identify the benefits and disadvantages that each model possesses and the effect they have on cultural identity. The majority of United States …show more content…
The claim of Cultural Pluralism is that, “…cultural diversity is a healthy and normal condition that does not preclude equal rights and the mutual understandings about civic responsibilities needed to sustain a democratic nation-state.” (Fredrickson Para 18). This model closely resembles what the US is striving to be today. The US is home to people of many different cultures and ethnicities. These different groups coexist in one nation and by doing so they expose all people to a plethora of customs and beliefs. Each cultural identity is kept intact even through frequent interaction which garners open mindedness and acceptance of each other. The issue with this model is that given the diversity of cultures, true cultural pluralism is difficult to achieve. Especially when there are those that hold on to other models of cultural interaction. Author Erin Aubry Kaplan discusses this issue on his essay, Barack Obama: Miles Traveled, Miles To Go, where he references the higher expectations that President Obama has during his presidency due to his being a person of color. Kaplan also makes reference to the process of schools resegregating post Brown vs. Board of Education: “Brown precipitated a big shift, all right, but it was a shift away from the spirit of the ruling, not toward it. Whites fled public schools before desegregation had time to take root as a new reality; conditioned by years of black fear and loathing, they refused to submit to what they saw as a radical experiment, and so deserted their own places and even their own self-interest rather than allow the experiment any real margin of error.” (543). Cultural pluralism cannot be achieved if it is not given a platform to get

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    White southerners constantly found imaginative ways prohibit Blacks from achieving social and economic equality. Freed blacks were forced to find work based on their race and they were only given degrading tasks and were denied work because of the color. Public and private, and institutions in general segregated by race. In the North there was no political drive to impose social or economic equality in the South and when Blacks American were being terrorized by White supremacy groups government support was withdrawn. The failure of Reconstruction is the issue of how White Americans dealt with freed…

    • 1388 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This hysteria was so bad that they began the Massive Resistance movement, which is just a movement that the Southerners began just to ensure that their schools stay segregated. On the white supremacists’ side, they decided that the only way they would ensure that their children don’t mingle with black children is by doing what kids do: make up excuses. One of these excuses would be that if black and white children were to integrate in schools, they would get married and have children, thus tainting…

    • 469 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    With communication in various languages utilized daily by many forms of media in society at large, the benefits of bilingualism have become particularly evident. According to Scassa (1996), bilingualism introduces new viewpoints and thinking onto previously outdated assumptions. In his research, the author found that bilingualism helped to develop broader national and global identity in students, communities or countries. The broadened perspectives contrast with the realities found in judicial opinions and local school districts where those entities have often sought to diminish any emphasis on the use of anything but the dominant societal language in the classroom by instructors. The researcher argued that the apparent contrasts between minority students and local legislative policies have had a chilling effect on many bilingual students.…

    • 1597 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Desegregation In Schools

    • 1210 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Now, as there is less outright racism, further desegregation would not be met with the same amount of resistance. The opposition to desegregation would argue more about the financial realities of integration rather than insisting races should be educated separately. The abandonment of Boston’s forced busing program from the mid 70s is what makes Boston still so segregated. Forced busing in Boston ultimately failed because of the overemphasis surrounding white resistance in the media and the lack of data collection supporting its function (Theoharis). With persistence and commitment it is likely schools would be a lot more diverse than they are…

    • 1210 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Structural Assimilation

    • 799 Words
    • 4 Pages

    American democracy and its ideals encourage pluralism in that it allows people to express their cultures, beliefs and norms fully without interference as long as they conform with human rights. Assimilating plays a role here in that individual people can express their individual and dynamic cultures while still they follow the dominant culture of the country as a…

    • 799 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In my opinion, harmony within diversity means peace between a range of different races, and it must be nurtured and cherished, that means it need to be cared for and encouraged to grow. Nowadays, racism among us is uncontrollable. There are many cases where racism is the main factor of the problem. Racism may lead to some very dire and serious consequences if no one do not take any action to cope with. In these cases, some people need to put on some effort to figure out why racism is in a great quantity and why racism must exist among…

    • 788 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    A variable that changes with every interaction. The article states there can be two different ideals of racism in this case, race-based prejudice or discrimination where anyone can be racist and then we have institutional racism where those who are in power are racist. Here it is believed that the racism in America is rooted in its own culture. What this meant is that the American people hold onto the stereotypes they learn, i.e. from family, and in turn between different groups are held a predisposition that one is better than the other.…

    • 1416 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    By showing respect and consideration to others, an individual’s potential ability can be identified and be used to enhance productivity of the country. So, as the saying goes never judge a book by its cover, we must remember that every fellow compatriot is part of the continent and should be given the same amount of provision in the…

    • 700 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    It fell to the local federal districts to implement the desegregation plans with “all deliberate speed”. (Brown v. Board of Education Timeline”) Initially, the problem was that southern states did not look favorably on the idea of desegregating and integrating schools, and still had in place Jim Crow laws. This was the racial caste system that allowed African Americans to be treated as second class citizens. (“What was Jim Crow”) Instead of implementing most of the southern states resisted it. However, their resistance was futile as the legal and social hardships only motivated student protests that in turn sparked the Civil Rights Movement.…

    • 1378 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Slaves and indentured servants would join forces and attempt to overthrow their owners, but would not usually succeed. In Rebels Against Slavery, American Slave Revolts the authors account how “[s]lave masters quickly realized they couldn’t allow white indentured servants and slaves to become allies. So every effort was made to keep the two groups separate and in conflict.” (14) These precautions included the outlaw of interracial marriages between blacks and whites, no matter if they were a free man or not. This is a second case of the distancing between both…

    • 1263 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays