Cultural Anthropology : Biological, Cultural, Archaeological, And Linguistic

811 Words Aug 31st, 2015 4 Pages
Ever since Medieval scholars began studying different civilizations centuries ago, culture has been considered an elusive and controversial concept—while some believe that culture is carried with us, like an invisible charm, others believe that it exists in the air around us, living in the things we say and the foods we eat and the traditions we pass down to our children. Some even believe that it doesn’t exist at all, or that it has all melted together into one incomprehensible mass of beliefs and values shared among all of us. Anthropology exists to study and explain how and why culture exists. Additionally, it helps to explain how humankind has created cultures which are so diverse and rich in tradition, and yet still somehow are strikingly similar to other cultures with which they seemingly have nothing in common. Anthropology consists of four major categories: biological, cultural, archaeological, and linguistic. Biological anthropology, or physical anthropology, is the study of how humans have evolved into the biological organisms we are today. Cultural anthropology is the study of all of the different types of cultures currently thriving all over the world. Archaeology is the study of artifacts and material remains of past cultures, so that we can understand how those who came before us lived. Linguistic anthropology is the study of human communication throughout the ages, including how it orignated and how it has changed. Many anthropologists argue that there needs…

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