Cubism : Art Movement Of The 20th Century Essay

1074 Words Mar 22nd, 2016 null Page
Cubism began in France in between 1907 and 1911. Pablo Picasso and George Braque began painting figures that were made up of cubes, spheres, cylinders, cones, and other geometric shapes. The paintings looked like someone had cut them up and glued them back together in an abstract form. Cubists wanted to show all the sides of an object in the same picture. Cubism had three phases of development; cubism, analytic cubism, and lastly synthetic cubism. Cubism revolutionized European painting and sculptures, and significantly influenced the modern art movement of the 20th century. A primary influence that led to Cubism was the representation of three-dimensional form in the late works of Paul Cézanne. Paul Cézanne’s paintings are made up of “lots of repeated brush strokes and lots of small flat shapes”. They also often seem to be painted from different viewpoints. In addition, African sculpture, particularly mask carvings, had enormous influence in the early years of the movement such as Picasso Demoiselles d 'Avignon(1907). ("Cubism.") Furthermore, cubism was invented by Pablo Picasso with the aid of Georges Braque. Picasso experimented with many different styles of painting during his long career as an artist. Picasso was the most dominant and influential artist of the first half of the twentieth century. Picasso 's involvement in Cubism also eventually led him to the invention of collage. (3 pg. viii)
Georges Braque was another cubist artist and it was because of him that…

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