Moffitt's Theory Of Antisocial Behavior

813 Words 4 Pages
There are many different theories that try to explain the development and persistence of criminal behaviour. The theory presented by Moffitt (1993) explores antisocial behaviour and its effects on criminal behaviour. In general, antisocial behaviour can be a strong predictor of criminal behaviour. Moffitt (1993) makes the distinguishment between antisocial behaviour that is only present during adolescence and antisocial behaviour that is continued throughout a person 's live. So while one form of antisocial behaviour is only temporary and ceases over time, the other is stable and a precursor for further criminal behaviours in the future.
When looking at the prevalence of crime across age groups, it can be seen that a majority of crimes are
…show more content…
A theory of the major causes of life-course-persistent antisocial behaviours are differences in neuropsychological functions as well as the interaction of these differences with a person 's environment. Differences in an infant 's neural development, that lead to differences in neuropsychological functions, have often been linked to antisocial behaviour. Factors that can influence neural development are poor prenatal care, maternal drug and alcohol abuse, toxic agence, brain injuries, neglect, abuse or individual differences that are heritable in nature (Moffitt, 1993). Neuropsychological deficits that seem to have a strong association with antisocial behaviour are deficits in both verbal and executive functions. Executive deficits produce comportmental learning disabilities, while verbal deficits affect memory, reading or problem solving. Neuropsychological deficits can lead to infants having a difficult temperament, being difficult to raise or having mild cognitive deficits that can lead to a delay in the child 's development. Another important factor in the development of antisocial behaviour is a child 's environment and their interaction with it. Many children who are vulnerable to these neuropsychological deficits, and later develop antisocial behaviours, are not born into the most adaptive and advantageous environments, due to the co-occurrence of these deficits with families …show more content…
Because of their predisposition and the effects they have on their environment through aggressive and problematic behaviour, these children have a difficult time learning pro-social behaviour from their surrounding since often times they are rejected by adults and peers. This rejection will lead to them being varie of further rejection and leads to withdrawal that inhibits them further from learning prosocial

Related Documents

Related Topics