Crime Pattern Theory, And Routine Activity Theory Essay

977 Words Apr 26th, 2016 4 Pages
Crime patterns are concentrations of crime or victimization within certain areas, places, individuals, products, or other targets. Understanding how crime and victimization are patterned requires unpacking the circumstances under which crimes occur, especially the places, times, and targets involved. By identifying these key features, environmental criminology suggests that manipulating or changing factors that are associated with criminal events can prevent victimization. Several perspectives, including rational choice theory, crime pattern theory, and routine activity theory, theoretically inform environmental criminology. These theories provide underlying principles used by researchers to recognize the environmental factors affecting criminal circumstances. Rational choice theory is primarily concerned with offender decision-making. From a victimization prevention perspective, understanding how offenders make their decisions to select targets to victimize suggests methods for discouraging criminals from acting and, therefore, preventing victimizations. This theory makes three primary assertions that have implications for crime prevention. First, offenders have goals in mind when they commit crimes and they take into account the potential risks and rewards associated with their behavior. Risks may include considerations such as the target’s level of resistance, the target’s level of protection, or the possible punishments if the offender is caught. The reward, of course,…

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