Essay on Constitutional Law and Criminal Law

2867 Words Oct 15th, 2015 12 Pages
Chapter 5

The U.S. Constitution sets the framework for the U.S. government, establishing a system of government that divides power between the federal government and the states
It establishes a system of government based on the principle of federalism, where power is divided between a central authority and constituent political units
The 10th Amendment to the Constitution states that all powers that the Constitution neither gives exclusively to the federal government nor takes from the states are reserved for the states
Federal legislation that affects business must be based on an expressed unconditional grant of authority
The Constitution also allocates power of the federal government among three branches of government
First three
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Congress has the power to “regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes”
Simultaneously empowers the federal government and restricts the power of state governments
Now, most federal regulations are exercises of congressional authority according to the commerce clause
In many cases, legislatures change the law by replacing statutes with different ones
In many other cases, though, the law changes even when

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