Conservatism And Liberalism Essay

1176 Words 5 Pages
Karl Marx is considered to be many things. He was the first real critical theorist, meaning he took upon what other theorists had already learned and built around it; he did not disregard what had already been found, but instead critiqued society by trying to develop a comprehensive theory based on history. Marx carefully considered many ideas and theories as he devised his critiques. This was rather different from sociological theories that came before, which sought to simply understand and explain society. He had ties to both Conservatism and Liberalism, although often leaning more towards the liberal side.
Conservative Thought Tocqueville and Burke were the first of the conservative intellectuals to influence the direction of sociology. Tocqueville, for example, was weary of the effects equality would bring about and was resistant to change. He argues that equality results in individualism, and the loss of a “fellow feeling” among men. Burke, who has been coined as “The Father of Conservatism” had similar views; he was distrustful of a strong central government and was heavily in favor of professional politicians and “theorists,” who
…show more content…
He sees the importance of modernity, as it promotes interdependency and a new stage in human development, the capitalist era. However, in despite some agreement with Conservative beliefs he also critiques and questions it. For example, although the Bourgeoisie are a big point to make (Marx gives them credit for the near total erasure of feudalism), Marx believes they are also unscrupulous, manipulative, greedy, and that they appropriate the desires of the masses to their interests. In controlling the means of production, the working man or woman (proletariat) are both marginalized and alienated from their work. As such, he is against aristocracy and the inheritance of land, and supports a strong regulating body to ensure societal

Related Documents